- Mental illness is a group of illnesses that can affect a person’s thinking, perceptions, emotions, and behavior.
- Mental illness can affect professional and personal relationships.
- Medication, counseling, or both can help cope with mental illness.
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On this page
- anxiety disorder
- Behavioral and emotional disorders in children
- bipolar mood disorder
- dissociative and dissociative disorders
- eating disorders
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder
- post-traumatic stress disorder
Mental illness is a group of illnesses that include symptoms that can affect a person’s thinking, cognition, mood, or behavior. Mental illness makes it difficult to cope with work, relationships, and other demands. The relationship between stress and mental illness is complex, but it is well known that stress can exacerbate episodes of mental illness. Most people can manage their Mental illness with medication, counseling, or both. This page lists some of the most common mental health problems and mental illnesses.
Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, specific phobias (such as agoraphobia and claustrophobia), panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and post-traumatic stress disorder Group. If left untreated, anxiety disorders can have a significant impact on daily life.
Behavioral and emotional disorders in children
Common behavioral disorders in children include Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), Conduct Disorder (CD), and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Treatments for these mental disorders include therapy, education, and medication.
Bipolar mood disorder
Bipolar mood disorder is a type of mood disorder formerly known as “manic depression.” People with bipolar disorder experience episodes of mania (elevation) and depression. A person may or may not experience psychotic symptoms. The exact cause is unknown, but a genetic predisposition is clearly established. Environmental stressors can also trigger episodes of this mental illness.
Depression is a mood disorder characterized by low mood, loss of interest or pleasure, and low energy. It’s not just sad feelings. There are many different types and symptoms of depression. There are varying degrees of severity and symptoms associated with depression. Symptoms of depression can increase the risk of suicidal thoughts and behavior.
Dissociative and Dissociative disorders
Dissociation is the mental process by which a person separates from his/her thoughts, feelings, memories, or sense of identity. Dissociative disorders include dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, depersonalization, and dissociative identity disorder. Eating disorders include anorexia, bulimia nervosa, and other binge eating disorders. Eating disorders affect women and men and can have serious psychological and physical consequences.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder. Obsessions are intrusive and unwanted recurring thoughts, images, or impulses. Compulsions are repetitive rituals that take time and are painful. Treatment includes cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and medication.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder paranoia
Paranoia is the irrational and persistent feeling that people want you. Paranoia can be a condition such as paranoid personality disorder, delusional (delusional) disorder, and schizophrenia. Treatment for paranoia includes medication and psychological support.
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental illness that develops in response to people who have experienced a traumatic event. This could be a car accident or other serious accident, physical or sexual assault, war-related events or torture, or natural disasters such as wildfires or floods.
People affected by psychosis may experience delusions, hallucinations, and confused thoughts. Psychosis can occur in many psychiatric disorders, including drug-induced psychosis, schizophrenia, and mood disorders. Medication and psychological support can reduce or even eliminate the symptoms of psychosis.
Schizophrenia is a complex psychotic disorder characterized by impaired thinking and feeling and a distorted perception of reality. The symptoms of schizophrenia are wide-ranging and include hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders, social withdrawal, lack of motivation, and impaired thinking and memory. People with schizophrenia are at high risk of suicide. Schizophrenia is not a split personality.
Mental Health services
- If you or someone you know thinks you have a mental illness, contact your doctor.
- Various mental health professionals include psychologists, psychiatrists, mental health nurses, social workers, peer workers, occupational therapists, and mental health recovery and rehabilitation professionals.
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Psychiatric Health Professionals understand Aboriginal mental health issues and provide psychiatric services to Aboriginal people.
- Peer workers are trained mental health professionals who have personally experienced and recovered from mental health problems.